A Scandinavian jewel, Finland is the northern connection between Sweden, Norway, Russia, and various water bodies. In 2017, the population of the country was 5.5 million people. The southern part of Finland has the majority of the population as it is the most prosperous part of the country.
In Finland, both Swedish and Finnish languages are spoken officially. There is a huge difference between these two languages because of the settlement of different parts of the country by Sweden at the time of the Swedish Empire.
After a civil war, Finland gained freedom from Russia and became a presidential republic in the year 1919. Finland, mainly an agricultural country, was forced to enter the industrial time after World War 2 when war compensations had to be paid to Russia and global trade started to propagate.
Basic Information about Finland
Finland is officially known as the Republic of Finland and is aNordic nationtowards the north of Europe. Finland has an area of about 130,672 square miles and has a population of about 5.5 million. Finland is the least populated country in the EU.
Helsinki is the capital of Finland and is the most visited city in the country but it has many other fascinating small towns and spectacular natural sceneries.
The country shares a border with 2 ETIAS countries i.e. Norway and Sweden.
Besides, the country has a border with Russia along with the Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Bothnia, and the Baltic Sea.
The Finland climate is characterized by long winters and cold temperatures because it is situated in the north of Europe.
The parts of Finland in the south remain covered with snow for 3 months and in the northern areas of Finland, the snow remains for 7 months of a year.
Finland and the European Union
On 1st January 1995, Finland became a member of the European Union and became a member of the Euro area after 4 years. In the European Parliament, there are 13 members from Finland in 2020.
On 25th March 2001, Finland has become part of the Schengen Zone and this is the reason that there are no border barriers between Finland and other nearby Schengen member countries i.e. Norway and Sweden.
Finland, along with other Schengen member countries, has been involved in the development of the ETIAS system for non-European Union travelers. ETIAS travel authorization ETIAS will be implemented by the end of the year 2022. This system will pre-screen all non-European travelers and will help make the country an even safe place to visit for travelers.
Being a highly famous destination for travelers, Finland receives almost 7 million tourists each year. Finland has very beautiful natural sceneries. The country has 39 national parks and plenty of open areas.
Helsinki is the capital city of the country and has much importance for business touristsand is also a very beautiful city to visit and explore. Besides capital, many other cities of Finland are also rich in interesting histories.
Finland is ranked in 7th position in the world based on the EF English Proficiency Index, having a rating of “very high”, thus, minimizing the language barrier for visitors.
European Unions' Visa Liberalization policy is one of the reasons why many non-European nationals travel to Finland. Nationals from beyond the EU can stay for 90 days in Finland. Such tourists will have to register for an ETIAS visa after it is launched by the end of 2022.
Is Medical Insurance Required For Finland?
Nationals of European Union nations can have the healthcare facility in Finland with the help of their European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).
Non-European nationals may or may not need to take out medical insurance based on their permit type before visiting Finland.
Medical Insurance for ETIAS for Finland
Travelers belonging to visa-exempt countries will require an ETIAS visa to visit Finland at the end of the year 2022.
Though health insurance is not a requirement for ETIAS Finland, visitors are recommended to take out health cover to have a stress free trip to Finland.
Health Insurance for Schengen Visa for Finland
Travelers who do not qualify for an ETIAS visa must have a Schengen visa for Finland. To get a Schengen Visa for Finland, applicants are required to show some other documents such as evidence of health insurance that is valid for the whole Schengen Zone. The minimum coverage for health insurance should be €30,000.
Finland Border Control Checkpoints
Visitors from other European Union nations must carry their identity documents while moving across the border in Finland. Nationals of nearby ETIAS nations i.e. Norway and Sweden can drive through the border without being inquired at the checkpoints.
Due to the European Union's visa liberalization policy, many non-Europeansare also able to visit Finland without a visa. Nowadays, such visitors are able to move across the border using their valid passport but they will have to get an ETIAS visa for Finland by the end of 2022.
To visit Finland from a non-European Union nation that is not eligible for ETIAS, travelers are required to have the following documents while moving across the Finland border:
- A valid passport for at least 3 months from departure date from the Schengen Zone and must be issued within the last 10 years
- A Schengen visa for Finland
- Evidence of next travel plan like a return flight ticket
- Funds proof that must be enough for the whole stay
Arriving In Finland by Ferry, Car, and Plane
A huge number of visitors reach Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport.In 2019, this international airport received 18.9 million foreign visitors. Helsinki airport issituated 17 km north of the citycenter and using a car, anyone can reach there within 30 minutes.
From main European cities, there are direct flights to the capital while domestic flights are an appropriate way to move around within the country. As the majority of the border between Sweden and Finland runs through the water, taking a ferry to move across Sweden is a common way.
There are river and land borders to the north of the country that can be driven across. The border can be crossed without any issue as both nations are part of the Schengen Area.
Traveling to Finland
The country is well-known for being one of the perfect places to witness the Aurora Borealis. Winter is the right time to visit Finland. The short light periods and colder months enable the mesmerizing scene of this natural phenomenon.
However, the Northern Lights are not the only reason to visit Finland. The country is covered 75% with emerald forests which makes it a great choice for eco-tourism. The nation is also called “the land of a thousand lakes”, as it has too many lakes with respect to its size than any other country.
Cities in Finland are worth visiting. The capital, Helsinki is a center for architecture and design. The city is famous for its unique minimalistic and clean architectural style and has the largest concentration of Art Nouveau buildings in Europe including Helsinki Central station, Jugend Hall, and National Museum.
The leading ski resort of Finland is the Levi in Finnish Lapland having slopes that match the needs of beginners and advanced skiers as well as snowboarders. Other popular ski resorts include Vuokatti, Ruka, and Pyhä.
Europe's Visa Waiver for Finland
ETIAS visa waiver program will be implemented in 2022 and would be compulsory for visitors to enter Finland soon after its launch.
Foreigners who are eligible for an ETIAS visa are allowed to stay for 90 days in Finland in a period of 180-day for business purposes or tourism.The same is true for transiting through a Finnish airport.
Obtaining an ETIAS visa is easy and quick where eligible applicants have to fill out the online application form and fulfill all the requirements for ETIAS Finland. Passport information and personal details need to be provided in the online application form and a few security and health questions need to be answered.
After the submission of the application, the applicants' details are cross-checked against different security databases including the Europol and Schengen Information System. After its approval, the ETIAS is electronically linked to the applicants' passport and visitors can enter Finland through this visa.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which nations can I visit from Finland?
Finland is a part of the Schengen Zone which means that travelers having ETIAS visas can enter and move around all the 25 Schengen nations with the same visa waiver. Norway and Sweden border Finland and both of these are ETIAS nations. It is possible for visitors to take a short flight or drive across the border. From Helsinki to Stockholm, the flight takes an hour and from Helsinki to Oslo, the flight requires 1 hour and 25 minutes. Latvia and Estonia are Schengen nations that are near Finland and can be accessed easily.
Which kind of visa do I require to travel to Finland?
The citizens from the third-country will enjoy the benefits of the ETIAS visa waiver system that will be implemented by the end of the year 2022. Using an ETIAS visa for Finland, visitors can enjoy visa-free entry to Finland but they need to register with a new travel authorization system before going to the country. ETIAS visa waiver is easy and quick to obtain as compared to traditional visa as it is a fully online system and the application process can be completed in a couple of minutes and applicants only need a passport and debit or credit card to pay the fee for ETIAS visa application. For nationals who are not eligible for ETIAS have to apply for a Schengen visa to get access to Finland. The visa type mainly depends on the reason of travel to Finland. Other supporting documents including the evidence of health insurance and sufficient funds are also required.
What documents do I require to travel to Finland?
Passport holders from non-European Union nations will be required to apply for an ETIAS visa for Finland if they want to visit the country for business purposes, tourism, and transiting through a Finnish airport. Foreign nationals should have a valid passport for three months from the arrival date in Finland and a credit or debit card to pay the fee for an ETIAS visa. When ETIAS for Finland will be accepted, it will be connected digitally to the passport of the applicant. So, there will be no need to carry paper permits around. Overseas travelers from nations outside European Union who are not eligible for ETIAS are required to have a visa for Finland. Additional supporting documents including evidence of health insurance and sufficient funds will also be required to get a Schengen visa.